Overall 2019 was a dry year but not particularly hot. The winter months when the Douro often soaks up its rainfall for the following vintage, were drier than normal. April was very wet, the subsequent months dry, helpfully cool but becoming gradually hotter, so there was a long ripening period to the start of harvest in mid-September which then was longer than usual. A little early October rain rehydrated bunches, but yields were higher than 2017 and 2018, and ultimately the results were very good with each variety performing true to its character. 2019 is a warmer vintage than 2018, more in line with 2017 but lighter bodied; many houses have concentrated on the different expression that each single quinta can bring to the market. Fresh, lively wines are the result, less concentrated than the previous three vintages.